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Page 5 - Transfers & Tickets; Surface: Bus Routes
The Catalog of Transit Fiscal Ephemera & Exonumia from the City of the New York
(pre-MetroCard)
featuring the collections of George S. Cuhaj & Philip M. Goldstein

Page 5



Understanding the value of surface transfers
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Design TypesType 1Type 2Type 3Type 4Type 5Independent Operators
Brooklyn
Bronx
Manhattan
Queens
Richmond (Staten Island)
Brooklyn
Brooklyn Surface to Rapid
Bronx (MaBSTOA)
Bronx Surface to Rapid
Manhattan
Queens
Richmond (Staten Island)
Brooklyn
Bronx
Manhattan
Queens

Staten Island
Brooklyn
Bronx
Manhattan
Statue of Liberty 100th Ann'y
Express
Brooklyn
Bronx
Manhattan
Queens

Staten Island
Jamaica Buses
North Shore Bus
Queens Nassau Bus
Queens Surface Corp
Queens Transit
Steinway Transit
Triboro Coach





They are prodigious:

   Obviously, each bus route was issued several books of transfers, daily. Depending on the established traffic for that particular route, it could be as little as two books (50 tickets for a 12 hour shift) for a shuttle line, or several books for heavily traveled through routes.

   These books of transfers were issued each day of the calender year: that is 365 days if you do not know how many days are in a year. Multiply this number, by the usual standard of two colors of issue: one color for each direction for a single route. You are now talking a minimum of 730 tickets of each date PER route PER year.

   Now, multiply that number by the total number of routes in the Five Boroughs. About an average of 75 to 80 routes per borough would be a fair estimate. That comes to 58,400 transfers.

   Factor in additional special transfers in multiple colors, and the total number of possible transfer grows exponentially.

   Some routes did not exist at certain periods - so a particular route may not be available in one year, but was a few years later, while another was abolished. 

   An attempt to make a "set" from issued tickets, is statistically (and financially) a very difficult thing to accomplish, unless you are fortunate enough to locate a control set. A control set was used by depots and by accounting department to check the validity of a questionable transfer. Believe me, while not common, attempts at counterfeiting transfers were not unheard of. 

   These control sets were usually issued on the first of the year.  A control set would have an example from all five boroughs from the same day.. This is something even the most earnest collectors could not achieve as it would require visiting every single depot within the five boroughs in a very small specific time frame to acquire a complete range of routes for that single day.

   But except for a control set, it also explains why there are so many whole books available for sale. After their printed issue date, they were no longer good, and so were discarded, even if unused. If 100 books were printed for a particular route for a particular day, at 25 transfers per book = 2500 transfers total. But if only 500 transfers were issued in one direction for the entire day, then there would be 80 books to dispose of. That leaves 2000 unused transfers, still in books, unused. And usually, they went into a paper recycling dumpster behind the bus depot. 

   Which is why surface transfers are plentiful and available in so many varieties and issue dates. And which is why they should be extremely cheap. 

So; how much should you pay?

   Some collectors and / or dealers acquired vast quantities of transfer books in the manner of dumpster diving; while others that were employed by the NYCTA and now retired; saved and accumulated them before they hit the dumpster. Totes and milk crate-fuls of transfer books. Of which, these thousands and thousands of books are still being sold and dispersed 30 years later. 

   When I first started collecting surface transfers around 2000, I was able to purchase individual transfers for around 25 to 40 cents a piece, and 2 to 3 dollars for a complete book. Every day of the week and twice on Sunday. As part of my OCD, I recorded the price and serial number of every transfer acquired, whether individually or in a group.

   Now, within the last few years there has been a dramatic rise in pricing on eBay in regards to these transfers. Sellers are asking $3.99, $5.99, even $9.99 each, and even higher! For 1990's bus transfers! Books? $25 and higher. This pricing greatly exceeds the rate of inflation. And there is no shortage of them, so it's about supply and demand. A transfer that I would have purchased in 2000 for 40 cents, would now sell at 63 cents, adjusted for the rate of inflation. A $1.00 transfer? would be $1.56.  So why are sellers asking the prices they are? Are they worth this?

Absolutely NOT. Do not be fooled into even thinking this for a single moment!

   If one merely takes the time, look through the amount of auctions relating to NYCTA bus transfers (they only list the previous 90 days), and you will see the same thing I do. There are hundreds if not thousands of them out there, so they are obviously not rare. And frankly, there is not much demand, as it is a very specialized area. So why the jump in prices? 

   In one and a legitimate aspect, eBay fees. EBay has made it unprofitable and inconvenient to sell nickel and dime stuff cheaply. What used to be an online marketplace / garage sale / flea market, is now a boutique shop with antique store prices. In another, shipping. eBay has made it difficult to negotiate on shipping. They suggest a particular service and offer it to the seller as part of the sales package. Most of the time it is a standard flat rate first class mail with tracking number. 

   A first class stamp costs 55 cents. Do I really need tracking on a $1.00 item? Not it my opinion. If it isn't rare and easily replaceable, I can buy another. But a lot of eBay sellers are afraid of the their shipments getting lost and then having to refund the money. So eBay packages the shipping label program with the sellers account and charges for it. And a seller is not overly enthusiastic to opt out of the all-in-one sales format and go the extra mile to just jam a transfer in a plain white envelope with a 55 cent stamp. They want to click, print and ship. While this works for normal sales, it does not apply or work for cheap under $2 - 3 dollar items. And do not let an seller try to shuck and jive you into an excuse of "there is my cost in gas, and time of having to go to the post office, printer ink, stationery, yada yada yada.). Postal carriers pick up these pre-paid pre-labeled ready to go envelopes packages. 

   I have found the some sellers are willing to take the time upon an email, to adjust shipping accordingly. Believe it or not, newer sellers are more sympathetic to this than older established sellers. They cannot be bothered. 

   I also have caught several sellers charging $3.99 shipping with tracking, and when the package comes in, the transfer (or other cheap item) is a plain white envelope wrapped in plain white piece of 8 1/2 x 11" paper that doubles as a receipt, with a 55 cent stamp. On yes they did. Not once, but twice - the same seller. Usually this is easily rectified with a quick message stating this. One seller first would not respond to my messages. An eBay claim resulted in a very fast refund. Honestly, who pays attention when the package arrives? Most of the time we are so eager to open it and revel in our new acquisition. I'm no different, so pay attention to your postage label!

   Unfortunately, and in most cases, this outlandish pricing falls in the more prosaic category; plain and simple GREED. Some sellers in an attempt to cash in quick, and out-priced the objects; because selling one transfer at one time for $10 beats trying to selling 25 transfers at 40 cents each over tens of months, or years. 

   And since most collectors only need one example for their "set", and do not need duplicates; so the remainder of the transfers, and there is quite a lot; sit on eBay unsold. 

   Sellers need to understand this. Some think they are being low-balled, but thats not the case. These transfer are cheap and plentiful. They need to be sold as such. As a seller, if you don't have time or wherewithal to market accordingly sell them at a reasonable price to someone who will. Buyers, should not fall into their trap and think otherwise.

    


Design Types:

   As with the streetcar line transfers on the previous page, this next generation of transfers came about sometime in the late 1930's (1938?). These were vertical format, similar to the streetcar transfers of same age; but instead of an hourly listing, these have simple AM and PM at the bottom. The PM is on a perforated tear off tab at the bottom. If the transfer was issued in the morning, the PM stub was torn off, making the transfer valid for use only in the morning hours.

   If you take note, these early bus route transfers lack the borough prefix letter & route number that is in use and we have come to know so well. As best as I can discern, the prefix letter number system did not get implemented until April (?) 1948. That is the earliest bus transfer I have that shows the prefix letter / route number nomenclature. I also do not know if all the bus routes throughout the entire city had this system implemented at once, or whether it was instituted in phases. If you know, I would certain like to hear from you at bedt14@aol.com

   As for the various designs of transfer, in general you have four distinct style of bus route transfers:


Type 1:Type 2:Type 3Type 4:Type 5:
nomenclature:without borough prefix / route numberwith borough prefix / route numberwith borough prefix / route numberborough prefix / route numberborough prefix / route number
format:am / pmam / pm am / pm hourly hourly
colors:buff & greenbuff, green, orange, purple, redbuffblue & orangeblue & orange
notes:with blue, yellow, orange, pink
horizontal stripe
mid ticket to
denote direction of travel
small borough prefix letter,
parallel hours separate by bus and word "transfer"
large borough prefix letter,
staggered hours separated by staggered lines
usage dates:institution of internal combustion bus
to ca.1948
ca. 1948 to September 12, 1982ca. 1978 to September 12, 1982September 13, 1982 to ca.1991ca. 1991 to end of use of paper transfer
(July 4, 1997? / MetroCard Gold intro)
uncommon
$1.50 to $3.00
with 10% for special issues from low traffic routes, i.e:
Plum Beach / Manhattan Beach and generic special issues etc.

complete books; $25.00 per book
very common
$1.25 to $1.50

$12.00 - $15.00 per book is fair for issues dated 1950-1970;
and
$7.50 to $10.00 per book for dates 1970-1982.
uncommon as individuals
$2.00 to $3.00

complete books common; $20.00 per book
extremely common by route and date; including private / independent bus lines
No more than .75 cents to $1.00 each with selvage.

Complete books are not worth sum of transfers, no more than $10.00 per book
25% premium for special dates, 100% premium for last day of service on that route


Type 1 Bus “Route” Transfers without prefix & route number - am / pm format
inception to ca. 1948



A-30C-13E-26E-19

A-24 G-5C-22

uncommon; $2.50 to $4.00
with 10% for special issues from low traffic routes, i.e: (Plum Beach / Manhattan Beach and generic special issues etc)

complete books; $20 per book


"Type 2" Bus “Route” Transfers with prefix & route number - am / pm format

ca. 1948 to ca. 1982

Letter (prefix) codes:
B = Brooklyn
Bx = the Bronx
M = Manhattan
Q = Queens
R = Richmond, replaced with S = Staten Island
X = Express



   Note that even after unification, bus transfers still carried an identifying subdivision: Brooklyn Bus, etc. Also, note that above the date of the above transfer, what we call a colloquially call a "bus", was referred to as an "omnibus" when they started to proliferate.

   Until September 12, 1982, all of the NYCTA transfers had a PM coupon on bottom that, if removed; meant that the transfer was only good for the morning.

   Oddly, we see Type 3 "Striped" Transfers coinciding with dates of the Type 2, so they apparently circulated alongside each other.

   The set below, all are dated January 1, 1966 and from all routes operating on that date. This date is also coincidental as it was the first day of the Great Transit Strike that lasted 12 days, led to the arrest of Michael Quill the TWU founder and eight other union organizers; and culminated in the collective bargaining agreement for the Transit Workers Union. 



.
intentionally left blank
5-35-4Kingsborough Community College Special Transfer6-106-11
.
........
6-76-85-15-25-95-10
.
5-175-186-16-25-55-6
.
5-75-83-223-234-174-18
.
3-453-461-11-23-33-4
.
4-334-346-276-282-142-15
.
1-31-45-115-123-53-6
.
4-114-122-82-93-73-8
.

intentionally left blank
1-51-62-106-36-4
.

4-34-45-235-244-94-10
.
5-135-145KC-2
Kingsborough Community College Special Transfer
5KC-3
Kingsborough Community College Special Transfer
4-74-8
.
intentionally left blank
1-71-82-133-353-36
.
intentionally left blankintentionally left blank
6-176-156-166-24
.
intentionally left blank
6-19
6-206KC-4
Kingsborough Community College Special Transfer
3-13-2
.
6-216-223-113-122-162-17
.
intentionally left blank
6-56-66KC-5
Kingsborough Community College Special Transfer
1-91-10
.
intentionally left blank
1-111-121-131-141-15
.
3-133-141-171-181-191-20
.
2-32-43-153-162-12-2
.
2-182-194-194-205-155-16
.
3-93-104-294-305-195-20
.
4-54-64-14-24-134-14
.
5-215-224-314-324-154-16

common; $1.25 to $1.50 with selvage. Again, complete books are plentiful; and not worth the sum of 25 transfers. $12.00 - $15.00 per book is fair for issues date 1950-1970; and $7.50 to $10.00 per book for dates 1970-1982.

   This next issue, was to allow a bus passenger a continuing ride from a bus route to the IND Subway High Street Station towards Manhattan. This transfer enabled bus passengers to cross the East River towards Manhattan, when trolley service was eliminated March 6, 1950 from the Brooklyn Bridge; and since a bus exceeded height and weight restrictions for the Bridge. 

"In addition, similar trolley transfers were provided at High Street – Brooklyn Bridge, at the Brooklyn end of the bridge. The Myrtle Avenue Line west of Broadway closed on October 3, 1969, and the transfer was replaced with one to the B54 bus route, which ran under the line. The transfers at High Street – Brooklyn Bridge were discontinued at some point, but the B54 transfer remained for a long time."

   For the sake of continuity, I have shown all years of these surface to rapid transit issues below, but it should be noted there are Type 2 and Type 4 tickets below..


Surface Transit (Bus) to Rapid Transit (Subway) Transfer - High Street
(all years)
intentionally left blankintentionally left blankintentionally left blankintentionally left blank
..........
intentionally left blankintentionally left blank
intentionally left blankintentionally left blank
intentionally left blankintentionally left blankBy this date, the large black date number on the back was no longer printed.
intentionally left blank
SP-1
Special Transfers for continued trip from bus routes to rapid transit stations are much less common than that of the general issues for bus routes transfers in the previous chapter.
As such, these tickets can be prices at $3.00 - $4.00 each, with selvage.



.

   This next special transfer allowed bus passengers of the B54, B67 and B75 routes to transfer to the IND Subway as Jay Street Borough Hall.These B54 bus route specifically replaced the rapid transit service of the of Myrtle Avenue Elevated following cessation of that service.

   This ticket can also be considered the later era counterpart issue to the continued rider tickets for the Myrtle Avenue Elevated, of which are listed on Page 3: Continuing Ride Tickets & Transfers - Rapid Transit.

Surface Transit (Bus) to Rapid Transit (Subway) Transfer - Jay Street / Borough Hall

MR-1
Special Transfers for continued trip from bus routes to rapid transit stations are much less common than that of the general issues for bus routes transfers in the previous chapter.
As such, these tickets can be prices at $3.00 - $4.00 each, with selvage. 

.

.

Special Transfer - undetermined use, Brooklyn Buses

    The following is a special transfer for an as yet undetermined use; but appears to be a generic issue for transfer to bus routes; possible from one of the subway lines: Brighton, Culver or Sea Beach. 


KP-1
common; $1.00 - $1.50 each, with selvage. 

complete books regularly seen for sale; $15.00






Bx55X Transfers - unknown usage

ca. November 1960

   The actual purpose of these next transfers are unknown. The Bx55X is listed as a bus line that replaced the Bronx portion of the Elevated Third Avenue Line. However, the Third Avenue Elevated Line in the Bronx did not cease operating until April 29, 1973. These tickets have a printers date of 11-60 (November 1960).
   
   NYCTA nomenclature at that time would have allowed the use of the X suffix to denote a limited bus service, while not truly fitting into the service description of the latter express bus routes.  Furthermore, being a bus route in the Bronx, this should fall under the subsidiary of MaBSTOA (Manhattan and Bronx Surface Transportation Authority); but MaBSTOA was not created until 1962. Therefore the 11-60 dating is most likely accurate as an issue date not just as a printers plate design date.

   If in fact these transfers were issued after 1973, then this bus route would have only stopped at the former Third Avenue Elevated Stations in the Bronx (from south to north):

149th Street,   156th Street,   161th Street,   166th Street,   169th Street,   Claremont Parkway,   174th Street, Tremont Avenue / 177th Street,   180th Street,   183rd Street,
Fordham Road / 190th Street,   Bronx Park Terminal,   200th Street,   204th Street,   210th Street / Williamsbridge   and Gun Hill Road.



   If you have any clue as to their actual purpose, please feel free to contact me at bedt14@aol.com

TA-EM

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.


Bronx (MaBSTOA) - Special Issues



5 9/16" x 2"



5 1/2" x 2 1/16"

..Special Transfers for continued trip from bus routes to rapid transit stations are much less common than that of the general issues for bus routes transfers in the previous chapter.
As such, these tickets can be prices at $3.00 - $4.00 each, with selvage.

.





.
(NYCTA Manhattan Bus Division)
(believed to be incomplete)
.....intentionally left blank.....
M-1M-3M-7M-11-SM-11-N
.
intentionally left blankintentionally left blankintentionally left blank
M-13-XM-15-SM-13-N

Transfers of this style for the routes in Manhattan are not as common as Brooklyn. This may be due in part to the control of most northern routes by MaBSTOA. $2.00.50 to $2.50 with selvage.
Again, complete books known and not worth the sum of 25 transfers. $15.00 - $17.50 per book is fair for issues date 1950-1970; and $8.0 to $10.00 per book for dates 1970-1982.

.





.
NYCTA Queens Bus Division
..........
J-1J-2J-3J-4J-5J-6
.
intentionally left blank
J-7J-8J-9J-10J-11
.
J-12J-13J-14J-15F-1F-2
.
intentionally left blank
F-28F-29F-3F-4F-5
.
F-6F-7F-8F-9J-30J-31
.
F-26F-27F-15F-16F-17F-18
.
intentionally left blank
J-18J-19J-20J-21J-22
.
F-22F-23F-31F-32F-19F-20
.





F-3057
.
F-21J-28J-29J-27J-24J-25

.$1.25 to $1.50 with selvage. Again, complete books are plentiful; and not worth the sum of 25 transfers. $12.00 - $15.00 per book is fair for issues date 1950-1970; and $7.50 to $10.00 per book for dates 1970-1982.
Identification Checks are more uncommon, $2.50-$4.00 with selvage.

.


Q49 continuation ticket to Queens Boulevard Station.
In 1977, the three stops east of Queens Boulevard station were closed, and it became temporary terminal for the Jamaica Avenue Line. Queens Boulevard was closed on April 15, 1985, when the line was cut back to 121st Street, with the Q49 bus (created to replace the eastern section of the line) replacing it. The Q49 bus was discontinued when the rest of the Jamaica Line was connected to the Archer Avenue Subway Extension in 1988
uncommon; $5.00 - $7.50 without selvage / 7.50 - $10.00 with selvage.

.





.
Staten Island Bus Division
Note, that the earlier era of transfers used an R prefix to denote Richmond (the borough)
This was later (unknown date) changed to S, as no self respecting New Yorker referred to it as anything other than Staten Island!

.....intentionally left blankintentionally left blank
SI-1SI-2SI-3SI-64
.
intentionally left blankintentionally left blank
SI-4SI-5SI-65SI-66
.
SI-6SI-7SI-8SI-9SI-10SI-11
.
intentionally left blankintentionally left blankintentionally left blankintentionally left blank
SI-12SI-13
.
SI-14SI-15SI-16SI-17SI-61SI-63
.
intentionally left blank
SI-68SI-69SI-70SI-18SI-19
.
intentionally left blankintentionally left blank
SI-20SI-21S1-22SI-23
.
SI-24SI-25SI-26SI-27SI-28SI-29
.
intentionally left blankintentionally left blank
SI-32SI-33SI-34SI-35
.
.....SI-38 / R-107 ticket missing from setintentionally left blankintentionally left blank
SI-36SI-37SI-39
.
intentionally left blankintentionally left blank
SI-40SI-41SI-42SI-43
.
intentionally left blankintentionally left blank
SI-44SI-45SI-46SI-47
.
intentionally left blank
SI-48SI-50SI-51SI-53SI-54
.
intentionally left blankintentionally left blankintentionally left blankintentionally left blank
SI-55SI-56

1950's - 1970's transfer issues from the Borough of Richmond "Staten Island" are not as widely known as Brooklyn or Queens; or perhaps even less than Manhattan.

$2.00 to $3.00 each with selvage. Complete books are not widely seen for older issues, and those books are worth equal to or slightly less than the sum of all transfers. ($2.00 x 25 = $60)




Type 3 - natural / buff with printed stripe


ca. 1978 - ca. September 1982


   Commencing sometime in 1978, the NYCTA also issued surface transfers in natural colored (undyed) pulp paper with a printed stripe across the face of the transfer. These types of transfers are seen for all boroughs, with stripes seen in both light blue, yellow, orange and pink. 

   This may have been an attempt to save on the added cost of the added process of dying the paper; because as we see by the Type 4 Hourly Transfers below, they have returned to the completely dyed paper issues once again.

   And oddly enough, we see Type 2 transfers issued with dates concurrent with the Type 3.

   At this time, these issues have not been seen for all routes city wide and are only known for certain depots in Brooklyn and Queens.


intentionally left blank.....
4-334-344-354-114-12
.
.....intentionally left blank
4-94-105KC-24-74-8
.
4-194-204-314-324-154-16
.








   


SI-4


Type 4 - Bus "Route" Transfers - hourly format

September 13, 1982 to ca.1991

   Return to the hourly format! 

   To minimize fraud, and / or multi-segment trips (when only two were allowed for as stipulated), the TA amended their rules by adding a 24 hour section to the top of the transfers (returning to the original method of timestamps as on the 1900-1920's transfers); and the expiration time reduced to one minute after last hour transfer was issued (when torn at appropriate time line).  This also required the addition of the following text:

“Do not accept this ticket if expiration time is less than one hour from the time you receive it.”


   
At the beginning of each shift, the bus operator would insert the book of transfers into a holder plate with a spring loaded holder bar. This device was mounted to the right side of the dashboard next to the fare box and upon request; tear off a transfer at the time that transfer expires. This prevented passengers from saving transfers and giving them to others for a trip later in the day. As the hours progressed, the driver would move the booklet of transfers down in the holder. This way, when he or she went to tear off a transfer upon request, the transfer would tear at the appropriate time of day.

   In truth, during all my travels on the bus throughout the 1980’s and 1990’s; I think I only saw maybe 25% of the bus operators actually use and tear off the transfer to note the time. Most of the time, in the hustle and bustle of their occupation, they simply plucked the transfer from the book at the perforation under the staple and handed the transfer to the customer to the passenger.

   Also as long as I have been collecting fiscal issues, sad to say, I have never learned the color code of the transfers. A quick research of the transfers in my collection, reveal buff and later orange transfers were predominantly issued for northbound and eastbound direction of travel. Green and later blue transfers were issued predominantly on southbound or westbound direction of travel; however there are exceptions to this! 

   It should be noted, the direction of travel reflected is for the general direction of the route, not the actual direction the bus takes on a particular segment of the route in a specific area; as bus routes zig zagged their way through the street block grid.

   The first type of these "modern" issue transfers noted the rules on the front of the transfer, and applicable locations of transfer points on the back. Also a silhouette of a bus was used between the hours which were horizontally opposed to each other.

   We also see with the later issues, a decipherable coding was seen on the selvage. The bus depot "garage" that the particular route is assigned to and serviced at, is used as a three letter code; followed by a stock number. With issued tickets, which have been detached from the selvage; these codes are not normally seen, so they are only visible in on either booklets of transfers or complete transfers broken out of books with their selvage attached.

NYCTA Surface Transit (Bus) Depot  - Paper Transfer Codes
BrooklynBronxManhattanQueensStaten Island
CRO = Crosstown (closed 1981)COL = Coliseum  (closed)AMS = AmsterdamCOL = College PointCAS = Castleton
ENY = East New YorkKBB = KingsbridgeFFS = 54th Street (closed 1980)FPD = Fresh PondYUK = Yukon
FAV = Fifth Avenue (Jackie Gleason after 1988)WFF = West Farms DepotHUD = Hudson (Pier 57) (closed)QV = Queens Village
FLA = Flatbush MAN = ManhattanvilleBaisley Park?Meredith Ave?
FPD = Fresh PondEastchester?OFS = 146th Street Depot (now Mother Clara Hale)Flushing (now Casey Stengel)?Charleston?
JG = Jackie Gleason (after 1988)Gun Hill?OHS = 100th Street Depot (now Tuskegee Airmen)Far Rockaway?
ULM = Ulmer ParkYonkers?OTT = 132nd Street Depot (once called Manhattanville during different time period)Jamaica?
UP = Ulmer ParkJFK?
Westside? (now Michael Quill)LaGuardia?
Spring Creek?

Notes:
Grand Avenue Depot, Brooklyn not listed because construction took place after paper transfer usage ceased
Fresh Pond Depot is located in Queens, but Brooklyn Routes use this depot as well

Bus Depots in italics: Unknown if paper transfers exist for these depots, as not yet observed.
Several Queens Depots are known to have served private bus companies; but are now used by NYCTA - unknown if they were during paper transfer usage.
On Add-A-Ride Tickets, not all depots listed in this table, issued tickets. Refer to Add-A-Ride Depot Transfer Codes on that page for confirmed Add-A-Ride codes.


   Size of the Type 3 transfer is 7 1/2" overall length, with 1/2" selvage at top, by 2" width.



.


.

.


.
.


.
COL22-0COL22-B

 7½" length (7" long ticket and ½" selvage) by 2" width.
pulp paper, dyed orange or blue; printed front & back

All boroughs extremely common in unbroken books. No more than $10.00 - $15.00 PER complete book. Individual transfers of this type no more than $1.00 each with selvage.




Statue of Liberty 100th Anniversary

   On July 4, 1986; in commemoration of and in accordance to the nationwide celebration of the 100th Anniversary of the Statue of Liberty; the New York City Transit Authority issued a one day special citywide transfer issue. Specific routes were not listed as on regular issues of surface transfers, and the M insignia of the Metropolitan Transit Authority (the parent agent to the New York City Transit Authority) was replaced with the single color (red) artwork of the Statue of Liberty. Backs were unprinted.

   They are seen in four colors: pink, white, yellow and blue, and are also seen dated for July 5th and 6th.



7½" length (7" long ticket and ½" selvage) by 2" width
pulp paper, dyed orange or blue; printed front only.
Individual transfers regularly seen and complete books for sale.
Theoretically, these should be even more prolific as all the bus routes in New York City were issued these books for July 4 holiday as opposed those specifically marked for individual routes.
No more than $12.50 - $15.00 PER complete book. Individual transfers of this type no more than $1.00 each with selvage.


Type 4 - Express Bus Transfers

   The NYCTA operates Express Bus routes throughout the five boroughs with most termini being in Manhattan in the morning and outer boroughs in the evening. The original incarnation of this express service is reported to have began in 1968 with a Queens to Manhattan express service and these routes were originally suffixed with the letter letter "X", i.e.: Q20X

   In 1976, the NYCTA began adapting their bus nomenclature so the X would be a prefix letter: X20.

   This express service proved to be popular, and was slowly expanded throughout the years and boroughs, as demand increased in several neighborhoods. This provided a bus service with limited stops (instead of stopping as flagged at practically every or every other street corner as with regular surface routes) and in neighborhoods that may not have had a rapid transit system nearby.

   Most often, the passenger would plan their schedule to arrive at the express bus stop the same time every day, and be greeted by the same bus operator.


   These Express Bus Routes proved very popular with executives as well as middle management, and whose salaries could afford this premium service, and offered a respite for those who took their own automobile to work, as by the time you calculated the cost of gas, tolls and wear and tear on your vehicle; the cost of Express Bus was on par. And, someone else was doing the driving!

   Furthermore, with the adaptation of bus only lanes at select river crossings; trip time on the Express Bus was usually less than if one drove their own vehicle. The Express Bus fleet is appointed with more spacious and cushioned seating in comparison to the regular fleet of buses. They were also easier to maintain to a higher degree of cleanliness on the interior as opposed to the regular fleet as well; primarily due to the higher standards of the passengers using them. Business types were nowhere near as slovenly or inconsiderate as slobs, school kids, and riff raff!

   
As of August 19, 2018; Express Bus routes from Staten Island / Manhattan have ceased using the X prefix, and now carry the borough letters of the service: SIM - Staten Island to Manhattan. This new nomenclature is slowly being adopted for the other express bus routes as well: BM - Brooklyn / Manhattan; QM - Queens / Manhattan and BxM - Bronx / Manhattan.

   Sidetrack down memory lane:
   My mother, when offered the position of executive secretary, getting promoted from staff secretary; calculated the annual cost of this premium service, and included it in her requested salary.

   I distinctly recall on one really miserable winter day in 1984, I had been waiting
for over 40 minutes for the regular northbound B68 Coney Island Avenue bus to go to school. My mother, who arrived at the bus stop after I, to find me waiting; caught her regular express bus, the X29. After a quick mother/son kiss, she got on board and I watched her say something to the operator, who then looked down at me and said, "hop on!"

   To a regular bus passenger used to the "normal" hard plastic mass transit seats, a perpetual funky humid / body odor / vinyl flooring smell, and the regular group of rowdy school kids in the back, graffiti, scratched windows and light rubbish on the floor; I was in awe. Wide cushioned seats, pleasant smell, clean and everyone in casual or business attire and properly behaved! It was like being transported into another dimension.
 
    Not 10 minutes later, I got off at my stop at Avenue M, and that was that. Back to the rat race and common folk!
PMG


   

   This provided a bus service with limited stops (instead of stopping as flagged at practically every or every other street corner as with regular surface routes). Most often, the passenger would plan their schedule to arrive at the express bus stop the same time every day, and be greeted by the same bus operator.

   These Express Bus Routes proved very popular with executives as well as middle management, and whose salaries could afford this premium service, and offered a respite for those who took their own automobile to work, as by the time you calculated the cost of gas, tolls and wear and tear on your vehicle; the cost of Express Bus was on par. And, someone else was doing the driving!

fare from to
$1.00
$1.50 1975 June 27, 1980
$2.00 June 28, 1980 ?
$3.00 ? December 31, 1985
$3.50 January 1, 1986 December 31, 1989
$4.00 January 1, 1990 February 28, 1998
$3.00 March 1, 1998 May 3, 2003
$4.00 May 4, 2003 February 26, 2005
$5.00 February 27, 2005 December 29, 2010
$5.50 December 30, 2010 March 2, 2013
$6.00 March 3, 2013 March 21, 2015
$6.50 March 22, 2015 April 20, 2019
$6.75 April 21, 2019 present (MetroCard or OMNY only,
coin payment discontinued

.....
YUK-X-1-YYUK-X-1-V

Express Bus transfers are seldom encountered. $3.00 - $4.00 each with selvage. Unbroken books not encountered frequently and should command at least sum of individual transfers. 


Type 5 - Bus "Route" Transfers - hourly format

ca. 1991 to end of use of paper transfer

   Here we see the next and final version of the paper transfer issued for general use on surface transit. The borough prefix letter has be enlarged to match that of the numerals; the image of the bus and the word transfer removed from between the hours; and the the hours and tear lines staggered.

   The list of applicable routes of transfer has been relocated from the back to the front, and the list of privileges, rules and regulations of use relocated to the back. In 1994, the logo on the MTA was changed from the two tone M in a circle to the tapered MTA bullet.

   We also see the decipherable coding seen on the selvage, which is now a two letter code, instead of three as seen on the Type 3; followed by the stock number. With issued tickets, which have been detached from the selvage; these codes are not normally seen, so they are only visible in on either booklets of transfers or complete transfers broken out of books with their selvage attached.

   Size of the transfer remains as with the Type 3: 7 1/2" overall length, with 1/2" selvage at top, by 2" width.

    In the end, these paper transfers became obsolete when the buses were equipped with modern computerized fare boxes that were able to print the MetroCard Bus Transfers (date?) on thin cardstock, which contained a magnetic stripe that was automatically encoded with the expiration time upon issue. It is believed this date is July 4, 1997, but there is conflicting information


JG13-0
 7½" length (7" long ticket and ½" selvage) by 2" width.
pulp paper, dyed orange or blue; printed front & back
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CAS 7-B

All boroughs extremely common in unbroken books. No more than $10.00 - $15.00 PER complete book. Individual transfers of this type no more than $1.00 each with selvage;
However a substantial premium should be considered for the last day of issue of paper transfers for that route.




Independent Surface Transit Operators
- Various Types

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Green Bus Lines
Jamaica Buses
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North Shore Bus
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Queens Nassau Bus
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Queens Surface Corporation 
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Queens Transit Corp.

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Steinway Transit



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Triboro Coach


As with New York City Transit Authority issues, most independent surface transportation operators transfer issues are quite prolific. 

Transfer issues from the independent bus operators and not as common as with NYCTA issues
$2.00 to $3.00 each with selvage. 

Complete books are not widely seen for older pre-1980 issues, $20.00 per book
Complete books for newer issues widely seen;
and prolific for 1980-2000 issues. No more than $7.50 to $10.00 per book.




Page 1: Fare Tickets & Employee PassesPage 7: Half Fare Tickets - Sundays / Weekends
Page 2: TokensPage 8: Half Fare Tickets - Senior Citizens & Handicapped
Page 3: Continuing Ride Tickets & Transfers - Rapid TransitPage 9: School / Student / Pupil Reduced Fare & Free Passes
Page 4: Continuing Ride Tickets & Transfers - Surface; Streetcar LinesPage 10: Special Issue Tickets
you are on Page 5: Continuing Ride Tickets & Transfers - Surface; Bus RoutesPage 11: Staten Island Rapid Transit
Page 6: Continuing Ride Tickets; Surface; Add-A-RidePage 12: Hudson and Manhattan & Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH)

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 Philip M. Goldstein / George S. Cuhaj
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