Color Filter Types For Black &
By Dave Chevalier, http://www.lesliealongthelines.com
Since we are starting to talk about filters and the effects
they provide our shots, I rummaged through some old MS Word files and
found this handy reference for Black & White photography.
Black and white films are also sensitive to the effects of invisible UV
light. A high percentage of UV light, present in a clear view at the sea
or mountains, results in a hazy and washed out picture. The UV filter
blocks out this light. Filter factor is 1.0.
B+W light yellow
Accentuates warm, soft, delicate scenes through the enhancement of yellow,
orange, and red. It is especially suitable for portraits of women and
children, skin tones in natural light, springtime landscapes, and nature
scenes. Filter factor is approximately 1.5.
B+W medium yellow
Creates subtle differences between green tones and enhances the natural
rendition of the sky. Recommended for landscape and foliage photography.
It tones down skin blemishes and ruddiness in daylight portraits, and
results in soft skin tones as well as intensified blond hair. Filter factor
is approximately 2.0.
B+W dark yellow
Distinctly improves reproductions of fine structures such as sand or snow,
increases contrast of foliage, and clears distant haze. It diminishes
skin blemishes and freckles in artificial light. It also darkens eye colors
and lightens lip colors. Filter factor is approximately 3.0.
Bright-orange filter darkens blue and violet as well as green and yellow-green.
It is indispensable for all landscape and architectural photography, which
requires vivid and clear contours. The sky is distinctly toned with the
clouds clearly contrasted against it. This filter is popular for nude
photography under natural light. Filter factor is approximately 4.0.
Ideal for scenes where it is important to differentiate the green tonal
values. The application is especially suited to landscape photography
in the springtime because it enhances the light green color of the leaves.
Due to its favorable effect on red tones, this filter is also suitable
for portraits or group pictures taken in natural light. Filter factor
is approximately 2.0.
Dark green filter creates distinct differentiations of green tones in
late spring and summer. Also recommended for floral pictures that are
used graphically, for tonal separations in still-life photography, and
for the correction of red tones in portraits with high-speed film. Filter
factor is approximately 3.0.
B+W light blue
Recommended for the correction of artificial light with overtones of yellow-red
such as with older photo lamps or normal household bulb illumination.
Also used to darken skin tones for portrait or nude photography under
natural light. Filter factor is approximately 1.5.
Blue enhances the tonal rendition of the sky by emphasizing mist in valleys
and transmitting light rays over water, fog, and haze. In addition, this
filter is used for the tonal separation in still-life photography and
the correction of the light spectrum from artificial light sources. Filter
factor is approximately 2.0.
B+W light red
Ideal for enhancing contrast in landscape and architectural photography,
and it enhances white areas. For example, letting clouds stand out clearly
against a darkened sky and drastically reducing distant haze. Also used
for tonal separation in still-life photography. Filter factor is approximately
Creates a strong darkening of the sky, dramatic storm-like cloud reproduction,
and strongly enhanced shadows due to its enhanced contrast. It also achieves
good tonal differentiations in still-life photography by brightening yellow,
orange, and red. Filter factor is approximately 4.0.
B+W dark red
This filter gives a surrealistic effect in landscape and architectural
photography by producing a "storm-like" cloud effect, "moonlight" effect,
and "wood" effect. It is indispensable for tonal separation in still-life
photography and for the reproduction of documents, which have become illegible.
Filter factor is approximately 8.0.
I hope everyone will find this useful.