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Georgetown Loop Railroad

Adventurers in the Rockies

Chapter Twenty-one

ACT One

Georgetown Loop

July 21, 2016

Thursday

by

Robin Bowers


Text and Photos by Author

The author retains all rights. No reproductions are allowed without the author's consent.


Comments are appreciated at...yr.mmxx@gmail.com


 

      After breakfast at the motel, I walked a couple doors down to the Holiday Inn. There I received a briefing of today's events and the itinerary. Soon after that we boarded the big buses for our one hour trip west of Denver to Georgetown. Here we would ride the Georgetown Loop RR over and under the Devil's Gate High Bridge while traveling through silver mining country. After that we would board the buses for a ride to Golden where we would have lunch and explore the Colorado Railroad Museum.
     

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Our buses left the hotel and proceeded to I-70 and then headed west for 45 miles to Exit 226.

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House on hill is a local landmark.

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Georgetown Loop Railroad

The Georgetown Loop Railroad was one of Colorado's first visitor attractions. Completed in 1884, this spectacular stretch of three-foot narrow gauge railroad was considered an engineering marvel for its time.

In 1973, the Colorado Historical Society began restoring the railroad as part of its 978-acre Georgetown Loop Historic Mining & Railroad Park.

Timeline: Georgetown

Summer 1859: Following the great gold rush, the Griffith brothers from Kentucky (George and David) traveled to Central City. Finding the area overcrowded, they continued on following the south fork of Clear Creek toward the gold discoveries at present Idaho Springs. Within two days, on June 17, George Griffith hits pay dirt. The news travels quickly and a small and growing settlement begins, known as "George's Town."

1864: After the collapse of the gold-mining era, silver is discovered in the area and Georgetown booms again, bringing experienced miners from California and Nevada who realize previous mining attempts in the town and surrounding mountainside had been weak, leading to the formation of the Argentine Mining District.

1866: By year's end, Georgetown is growing faster than any other Colorado community. Small hotels are opening up for tourists but the town still lacks a railroad.

October 1871: Representatives from Georgetown meet with officials of the Colorado Central Railroad to discuss a better way to transport the millions of dollars of ore coming out of the region.

Timeline: The Railroad

December 1872: The first railroad line up Clear Creek Canyon reaches Black Hawk. The construction, funded by bonds from Clear Creek and Gilpin Counties, was organized by William A.H. Loveland, a fifty-niner and proponent of the Colorado Central railroad.

1877: The railroad reaches Idaho Springs in June, thanks to financier Jay Gould who controlled the Union Pacific (UP) and supplied the necessary funds to complete both the route to Idaho Springs and the later route to Georgetown, completed in August 1877. The railroad makes access open for freight, ore, consumers and passengers to Georgetown. The Rocky Mountains are open for tourists.

1879: Georgetown becomes the "Silver Queen of Colorado" for only a short time that year when news of large silver strikes spread across the region from Leadville, one of the greatest strikes to date. Gould strives to have the Colorado Central be the first rail line to reach Leadville. The track to reach Leadville from Georgetown is an obstacle due to narrowing of the valley west of the city and an area where the average grade is over 6 percent (too steep for most trains). UP chief engineer, Jacob Blickensderfer, devises a system of curves and bridges, reducing the average grade to 3 percent. The plan includes three hairpin turns, four bridges and a 30-degree horseshoe curve from Georgetown to Silver Plume.

1884: The first trains arrive in Silver Plume. Another line, the Denver & Rio Grande (D&RG), is completed into Leadville from the south. Gould's interest in pushing the Georgetown line over the mountains wanes. The Georgetown, Breckenridge and Leadville Railroad line ends permanently a few miles past Silver Plume.

1880s and into the early 1900s: The community and the Georgetown Loop become a tourist center for those who venture West to encounter the wild ruggedness and romance. Tourism in the West develops around railroad excursions. With seven trains a day running out of Denver at the height of its popularity, the Georgetown Loop is Colorado's scenic "must see" and a deal at only $3 round-trip. Guidebooks, pamphlets and postcards help send the images of the steep canyons and mountain peaks accessible by train across the nation.

Early 1900s: The advent of the automobile brings mountain tourists to Colorado, but dramatically reduces excursion train trip revenues for the railroad. The Georgetown Loop runs two trains a day from May through September only.

1938: The last of the trains run from Denver to Silver Plume. The line from Idaho Springs to Silver Plume is abandoned and the Georgetown Loop dismantled, ending a colorful era in railroad history.

1940s: The demand for manpower on the battlefields and in supply production during World War II prompts the final closing of Georgetown's gold and silver mines, compounding railroad losses.

1941: The final miles of track from Golden to Idaho Springs are closed.

1959: The centennial celebration of the discovery of gold in Georgetown and the surrounding areas is formed under the leadership of James Grafton Rogers, chair of the Colorado Historical Society's board of directors. Almost 100 acres of mining claims and mills are donated, including the Lebanon-Everett mines. The Society begins a program of land acquisition and lease with plans to eventually reconstruct the entire length of the Georgetown Loop.

1969: Work begins on opening the Lebanon mine tunnel. The tunnel is cleared its full length and wired for lighting. Excavation outside uncovers the sites of four mine buildings apparent in historic photographs, including a blacksmith shop, a miner's change room or "dry," a mine manager's office and a tool shed.

1973: Construction of the rail line begins after the Union Pacific donates the track and ties for the reconstruction of the Georgetown Loop. Rolling stock is gathered and bridges set in place.



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Clear Creek 282, Argentine 284.

1975: The first operating season of the new Georgetown Loop operates on a small portion of completed track.

1977: The line slowly lengthens from Silver Plume and tracks reach the upper end of Devil's Gate.

1978: The historic buildings at the Lebanon mine are reconstructed and opened to the public and visitors. The Lebanon Mill is stabilized and rebuilt through the Society's work with historians, archaeologists and a preservation architect.

1982: A $1 million grant from the Boettcher Foundation, in honor of E. Warren Willard, a former partner of Boettcher & Company and a board member of the Colorado Historical Society (today's History Colorado), finances the final segment of the railroad's reconstruction, the Devil's Gate High Bridge.

August 1, 1984: Governor Richard D. Lamm dedicates the Devil's Gate High Bridge, and the entire reconstruction of the Georgetown Loop is complete and open for visitors along the entire route.

A replica of the High Bridge was completed in 1984 in time to celebrate the 100th anniversary of its original construction.

August 19, 1985: The Colorado Historical Society turns its attention to increasing visitor facilities and historical interpretation along the route. In August 1985, the Morrison Valley Center, now known as the Devil's Gate Station, is dedicated. The station currently includes boarding and ticketing areas, a gift store, visitor facilities, and parking.

1985: The historic Silver Plume Depot is restored.

1986: An engine house is completed to service locomotives. The Colorado Historical Society also completes a series of interpretive markers throughout the park ranging from historic events to the park's geology and natural history. This interpretation is made possible with a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, which also sponsors the publication of a book, The Georgetown Loop: A Capsule History and Guide.

1987 to present: Additional visitor amenities have been added, including hiking trails and restrooms, and new loading platforms. At the Silver Plume Depot, a new car building interprets and displays rolling stock and other railroad-related exhibits.


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Silver Plume Boarding Area. El 9,178 ft. with Georgetown Loop 52-tonner 130.

We arrived at the Silver Plume Boarding Area with about half an hour before the train's arrival. So we had time to get our tickets, visit the nice gift shop and walk around and explore the grounds.

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Georgetown Loop 2-8-0 111.

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View inside the engine shed.

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GLRX center-cab-switcher 21 and Georgetown Loop 52-tonner 140.

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Our British spy with a Top Secret data collector.
 

tick

    My ticket for the 11:25 train. The consist was Westside Lumber Shay 9, coach 228 Silver Queen, open car 1172, covered open car 1118, covered open car 0718, partial open car 1163, covered open car 3 Silver Plume, open gondola 1138, covered open car 1156 and open gondola 1157. We boarded and Elizabeth, Chris and I sat in the covered open car 0718. This car is the only way to get on and off the train and as bus hosts, Elizabeth and Chris had to be the first people off the train when our trip was complete.


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Our train starts its trip and takes a curve.

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Our steam train takes a curve at MP 53.

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map


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Clear Creek.

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  Mortar-less rock wall.
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This is your stop if you are taking the mine tour.

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  Passengers for the optional gold & silver mines walking tours gather here.


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Approaching the Devil's Gate High Bridge.

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    The famous Georgetown Loop high bridge was originally completed in 1884, torn down in 1938, and then completely rebuilt to celebrate the 100th anniversary of its first construction. The original right of way required a design that "corkscrewed" from Georgetown to Silver Plume gaining more than 600 feet in elevation over 3.5 miles of twists, turns and one "Loop." The route crosses Clear Creek 4 times.

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Looking down on the Porter diesel that would help our long train climb back to Silver Plume.

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Looking down on the Devils Gate Station and parking.

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Last of our cars crossing the bridge.

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We stopped here to drop off and pick up passengers. 

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We are at the Devil's Gate Station and our steam engine has uncoupled from our train.

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The steam engine ran around our train.

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The diesel then went by the train and will be used as a helper on our return trip. Now we will back under the Devil's Gate Bridge.

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View of our car.

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    The then-thriving mining towns of Georgetown and Silver Plume lie two miles apart in a steep, narrow mountain canyon. To connect them, the railroad's builders designed a "corkscrew" route that traveled twice the distance, slowly gaining more than 600 feet in elevation. It included horseshoe curves, grades of up to 4% and four bridges across Clear Creek, including the massive Devil's Gate High Bridge.

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After backing past the switch, we changed tracks and headed past the station, as we would now begin our return trip and once again cross the Devil's Gate Bridge.


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Time shift: I-70 roaring past our roaring steam engine.

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After arriving in Silver Plume the engines are re-positioned for their next run.

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Yard at Silver Plume.

After arriving at the end of line and our ride, all conventioneers then boarded their respective buses for our ride to Golden CO.

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View from scenic overlook.

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Georgetown.

    Aptly nicked the "Silver Queen of the Rockies," Georgetown blossomed into the third largest city in Colorado. Unlike other mining towns of the day, it escaped destruction by fire. More than 200 original buildings still stand. Shops now occupy many of the historic downtown structures and the city has been designated the Georgetown/Silver Plume National Historic Landmark District.
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More of Georgetown.

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 Water wheel and falls.


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A couple of climbers getting some fresh air.

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After 40 minutes on the road, we arrived in the town of Golden, drove through the town and arrived at our next stop for the afternoon.



Thanks for reading.

Coming next- Chapter Twenty-two  - Colorado Railroad Museum


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Text and Photos by Author

The author retains all rights. No reproductions are allowed without the author's consent.

Comments appreciated at .... yr.mmxx@gmail.com