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Anthracite Heritage Museum & Scranton Iron Furnaces 6/25/2010

by Chris Guenzler

I got up at the Radisson and drove to the Walmart up north in Dickinson City. I stopped by MacDonald's for Hot Cakes and sausage before I returned to the Radisson. I wrote yesterday's story before I checked out and headed to the Anthracite Heritage Museum.

On the way there I caught a Delaware-Lackawanna train on the Lackawanna River Bridge.

The old Central Railroad of New Jersey Station. From here I drove out to the Anthracite Heritage Museum.

The Anthracite Heritage Museum.

The museum from down below.

A coal mine car.

A large piece of anthracite coal. Anthracite or Hard Coal is most commonly found in northeast Pennsylvania. Anthracite coal is very different from the bituminous or soft coal found in such states as Kentucky and West Virginia. Bituminous coal contains less carbon and produces more pollutants when burned. Anthracite coal on the other hand is almost pure carbon and produces very little smoke or residue when being burned and provides more heat than bituminous coal. During the late 1800s and early 1900s anthracite coal was one of the most sought after fuels and was responsible for leading the world into industrialization. Northeast Pennsylvania contains the largest deposits of anthracite coal in the world. The Pennsylvania counties of Carbon, Dauphin, Lackawanna, Luzerne, Northumberland and Schuykill were made famous at the height of industrialization.

The Hudson Coal 0-4-0 steam engine sits covered out in front of the museum.

The main entrance to the museum. Inside I met my guide for my tour of this unique museum Chester Kulesa, the historic site administrator.

Coal Sculpture by C. Edgar Patience.

The title of this exhibit.

Cut logs on a cart.

Native Americans.

Discovery of Anthracite and Native Americans.

Uses of Anthracite.

Transporting Coal.

Canals and Railroads.

Western and Northern European Immigrants.

New Country

In the Shadow of the Breakers.

Lifetime of a worker.

Going to America.

Eastern and Southern Europe Immigrants.

Reading Baggage Cart.

Model of the P&R Earth Steam Locomotive.

Electric Mine Engine 1889.

A rock crusher.

More miner's equipment.

Mine work and life cycles.

Locating Anthracite Coal and Working in the Community.

Wood Cravings about coal mining.

Mine drill.

The Anthracite Miner.

Mine engine.

Enos H. Horst Coal and Farm Supplies.

DS&S Model Mine Rail Car.

Pennsylvania Railroad Map.

Model train on display.

Power generator.

A threader.

A weaver.

Another weaver.

Silk weave and bobbles.

Silkworms and silk bobbles.

A warping and circular weave.

Another weave.

A wooden weave.

Chester explaining how this weave works.

A weave.

A typical miners home around 1935.

This is the original altar of the Immaculate Conception Church in Berwick, PA.

Religions of the coal mine towns.

A horse and cart.

Fire Wagon 3.

The Garment Industry.

The miner's bar where they would wash the coal dust down their throats.

More coal mine equipment.

A mine drill.

Burschel Wagon.

Cooking ovens.

Mine engine.

More mine equipment.

Engine for conveyor belt.

Conveyor belt.

Model of the shovels used in strip mining.

The really size bucket of that model shovel.

Mine engine.

A loaded mine coal car.

The Region Matures.

Anthracite, Ethnicity and the Region today.

A coal sculpture by Charles Edgar Patience.

An impressive wooden cross.

Charles Edgar Patience "Black is indeed beautiful".

George Washington sculpture. I thanked Chester for an excellent tour of the Anthracite Heritage Museum. I walked out feeling so fantastic after all the things I had just learned.

The view looking down into the Lackawanna Valley.

Right below the Anthracite Heritage Museum is the Lackawanna Coal Mine Tour.

They also have a mine train ride but I didn't have time on this trip to take it.

Tracks with mine cars in this view.

Click here for Part 2 of this story